Occupations
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GENERAL 
GENEALOGICAL INFORMATION

OCCUPATIONS

Accomptant             Accountant
Almoner                  Giver of charity to the needy
Amanuensis            Secretary or stenographer
Artificer                  A soldier mechanic who does repairs
Bailie                      Bailiff
Baxter                    Baker
Bluestocking          Female writer
Boniface                 Keeper of an inn
Brazier                   One who works with brass
Brewster                Beer manufacturer
Brightsmith            Metal Worker
Burgonmaster        Mayor
Caulker                  One who filled up cracks (in ships or windows) or seems to make them
                               watertight by using tar of oakum-hemp fiber produced by taking old ropes
                               apart.
Chaisemaker         Carriage maker
Chandler                Dealer or trader; one who makes or sells candles; retailer of groceries
Chiffonnier            Wig maker
Clark                      Clerk
Clerk                      Clergyman, cleric
Clicker                   The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who
                                received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due
                                form ready for printing;  one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine
                                which clicked.
Cohen                     Priest
Collier                     Coal miner
Colporteur              Peddler of books
Cooper                   One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks,
                                barrels, tubs, etc.
Cordwainer            Shoemaker, originally any leather worker using leather from Cordova/Cordoba
                                in Spain
Costermonger        Peddler of fruits and vegetables
Crocker                  Potter
Crowner                 Coroner
Currier                   One who dresses the coat of a horse with a curry comb; one who tanned
                                leather by incorporating oil or grease
Docker                   Stevedore, dock worker who loads and unloads cargo
Dowser                  One who finds water using a rod or witching stick
Draper                   A dealer in dry goods
Drayman               One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying heavy loads
Dresser                 A surgeon's assistant in a hospital
Drover                  One who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market;  a dealer in cattle
Duffer                   Peddler
Factor                   Agent, commission merchant; one who acts or transacts business for another;
                              Scottish steward or bailiff of an estate
Farrier                  A blacksmith, one who shoes horses
Faulkner               Falconer
Fell monger          One who removes hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making
Fletcher                One who made bows and arrows
Fuller                    One who fulls cloth;one who shrinks and thickens woolen cloth by  moistening,
                              heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth
Gaoler                  A keeper of the goal, a jailer
Glazier                 Window glassman
Hacker                 Maker of hoes
Hatcheler             One who combed out or carded flax
Haymonger          Dealer in hay
Hayward              Keeper of fences
Higgler                 Itinerant peddler
Hillier                   Roof tiler
Hind                     A farm laborer
Holster                 A groom who took care of horses, often at an inn
Hooker                 Reaper
Hooper                One who made hoops for casks and barrels
Huckster             Sells small wares
Husbandman       A farmer who cultivated the land
Jagger                 Fish peddler
Journeyman        One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to
                             serve a master, but hired by the day
Joyner / Joiner    A skilled carpenter
Keeler                 Bargeman
Kempster            Wool comber
Lardner               Keeper of the cupboard
Lavender             Washer woman
Lederer               Leather maker
Leech                  Physician
Longshoreman   Stevedore
Lormer               Maker of horse gear
Malender           Farmer
Maltster             Brewer
Manciple            A steward
Mason                Bricklayer
Mintmaster        One who issued local currency
Monger              Seller of goods (ale, fish)
Muleskinner      Teamster
Neatherder        Herds cows
Ordinary Keeper     Innkeeper with fixed prices
Pattern Maker  A maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a
                           pattern cut into the end
Peregrinator      Itinerant wanderer
Peruker             A wig maker
Pettifogger        A shyster lawyer
Pigman              Crockery dealer
Plumber            One who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained
                          glass windows.
Porter                Door keeper
Puddler             Wrought iron worker
Quarrier            Quarry worker
Rigger               Hoist tackle worker
Ripper               Seller of fish
Roper               Maker of rope or nets
Saddler             One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses
Sawbones         Physician
Sawyer             One who saws; carpenter
Schumacker     Shoemaker
Scribler             A minor or worthless author
Scrivener          Professional or public copyist or writer; notary public
Scrutiner           Election judge
Shrieve             Sheriff
Slater                Roofer
Slopseller         Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop
Snobscat / Snob     One who repaired shoes
Sorter               Tailor
Spinster           A woman who spins or an unmarried woman
Spurrer            Maker of spurs
Squire              Country gentleman;  farm owner;  justice of peace
Stuff gown        Junior barrister
Stuff gownsman     Junior barrister
Supercargo      Officer on merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns
                         of the ship
Surfman            Worker at a lifesaving/lighthouse station
Tanner             One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather
Tapley             One who puts the tap in an ale cask
Tasker             Reaper
Teamster         One who drives a team for hauling
Thatcher          Roofer
Tide waiter      Customs inspector
Tinker              Am itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman
Tipstaff            Policeman
Travers           Toll bridge collection
Tucker            Cleaner of cloth goods
Turner             A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles
Victualer         A tavern keeper, or one who provides an army, navy, or ship with food supplies
Vulcan             Blacksmith
Wagoner         Teamster not for hire
Wainwright     Wagon maker
Waiter             Customs officer or tide waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on
                         goods brought in
Waterman       Boatman who plies for hire
Webster          Operator of looms
Wharfinger     Owner of a wharf
Wheelwright   One who made or repaired wheels; wheeled carriages, etc.
Whitesmith     Tinsmith; worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work
Whitewing       Street sweeper
Whitster          Bleach of cloth
Wright            Workman, especially a construction worker
Yeoman           Farmer who owns his own land

 

                                  

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